Model Pengukuran Faktor Iklim Keselamatan (Safety Climate) Konstruksi (Studi Kasus Proyek Jalan di Sumatera Barat)


  • Nasril Sikumbang Bung Hatta Center for Construction Management and Quantity Surveying Studies, FTSP-Universitas Bung Hatta.
  • Wahyudi P. Utama Pusat Studi Manajemen Konstruksi dan Quantity Surveying, FTSP Universitas Bung Hatta
  • Sesmiwati Sesmiwati Program Studi Teknik Ekonomi Konstruksi, FTSP - Universitas Bung Hatta
  • Dwifitra Y. Jumas Pusat Studi Manajemen Konstruksi dan Quantity Surveying, FTSP Universitas Bung Hatta


Keselamatan konstruksi, Iklim keselamatan, model pengukuran, Analisis Faktor, Pekerjaan jalan



Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mempresentasikan pengembangan model penilaian iklim keselamatan (PIK) untuk proyek jalan melalui studi kasus pada proyek konstruksi dan pemeliharaan jalan di Sumatera Barat (SB), Indonesia. Data diperoleh dari survei kuesioner yang dibagikan kepada para pemangku kepentingan di 11 lokasi proyek jalan yang tersebar di lima wilayah di provinsi SB. Empat puluh lima (45) aspek iklim keselamatan dinilai oleh 209 responden yang terdiri dari administrator proyek (perwakilan pemerintah), pihak manajemen kontraktor dan konsultan serta pekerja terdepan proyek. Hasil analisis faktor menunjukkan bahwa 12 variabel yang diamati meliputi tiga konstruk faktor: komitmen dan sumber daya manajemen, prosedur dan kesadaran serta persepsi tentang kemalangan. Faktor-faktor tersebut kemudian divalidasi melalui Analisis Faktor Konfirmatori menggunakan aplikasi Onyx. Hasil PIK menunjukkan bahwa nilai reliabilitas konstruk dan goodness of fit sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Dengan memahami dan mengetahui variabel yang diamati dari IK yang membentuk faktor IK membantu tim manajemen proyek untuk merancang strategi yang tepat untuk menciptakan lingkungan proyek yang selamat.

Kata-kata kunci: Keselamatan konstruksi, Iklim keselamatan, model pengukuran, analisis faktor, pekerjaan jalan.


This paper’s objective is to present the development of safety climate measure (SCM) model for road projects through a case study on the construction and maintanance road projects in West Sumatra (WS), Indonesia. The data obtained from questionnaire survey distributed to stakeholders at 11 road project locations spread over in five regions in WS province. A 45-item safety climate variables was assessed by 209 respondents comprised project administrators (government representatives), contractors’ and consultant’s management as well as the project’s frontline workers. Factor analysis results show that 12 observed variables encompassed three factor constructs: management commitment and resources, procedure and awareness and perception on misfortune. These factor were then validated through Confirmatory Factor Analysis using Onyx application. The results of SCM indicates that the score of reliability construct and goodness of fit are desireble. Understanding and knowing the observed variables of SC constructing SC factors help project management team to design an appropriate strategy in order to create a safety project environment.

Keywords: Construction safety, safety climate, measurement model, factor analysis, road projects.



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